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کتابداری و اطلاع رسانی - معرفی زبان های برنامه نویسی وب
 
کتابداری و اطلاع رسانی
وبلاگ دانشجویان کارشناسی ارشد کتابداری و اطلاع رسانی دانشگاه امام رضا(ع)
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مدیر وبلاگ : محمود محمودزاده
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کتابداری و اطلاع رسانی

معرفی زبان‌های برنامه‌نویسی وب

 

محمود محمودزاده[1]

چكیده:

زبان‌های برنامه‌نویسی یکی از ابزارهای پیشرفت در دنیای فناوری اطلاعات[2] می باشد.که بوسیله آن انسان توانست علوم و تکنولوژی را به چیزی که اكنون است برساند. زبان‌های برنامه‌نویسی در همه زمینه ها برای تولید نرم‌افزارها مورد استفاده قرار می‌گیرد، از علوم کامپیوترگرفته  تا معماری، آموزش، علوم فضایی و....

این مقاله به معرفی زبان‌های برنامه‌نویسی وب «سی.اس.اس» [3]، «ایكس.ام.ال» [4] و  «پی.اچ.پی»[5] و بیان ویژگی‌های این زبان‌ها و كاربرد آن‌ها می‌پردازد. و در ادامه به معرفی زبان« اچ.تی.ام.ال»[6]، تعاریف ابتدایی و  سیر تكاملی این زبان برنامه‌نویسی و هم چنین توضیح برخی از «تگ»[7] ‌های مهم و پركاربرد آن كه امروزه در اكثر  وب سایت ها مورد استفاده قرار می‌گیرد اشاره می نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها: زبان‌های برنامه‌نویسی وب، فن‌آوری اطلاعات، «اچ.تی.ام.ال»، «سی.اس.اس»، «ایكس.ام.ال»، «پی.اچ.پی».

 

مقدمه:

زبان‌های برنامه‌نویسی یکی از ابزارهای پیشرفت در دنیای فناوری اطلاعات می باشد و بوسیله آن انسان توانست علوم و تکنولوژی را به چیزی که اكنون است برساند. زبان‌های برنامه‌نویسی در همه زمینه ها برای تولید نرم افزارها مورد استفاده قرار می‌گیرد، از علوم کامپیوترگرفته  تا معماری، آموزش، علوم فضایی و....

قدیمی‌ترین زبان برنامه‌نویسی« فورترن»[8] می باشد که هنوز مورد استفاده قرار می‌گیرد، که برای انجام محاسبات ریاضی و علمی سطح بالا توسعه داده شده است. در حال حاضر این زبان در علوم فضایی، سازمان‌های دولتی، اتوماسیون صنعتی و آزمایشگاه‌های تحقیقاتی مورد استفاده قرار می‌گیرد. جوان ترین زبان برنامه‌نویسی «رابی آن ریلس»[9] بوده که در سال 2004 توسعه داده شده است  و بعنوان ابزار مدیریت پروژه در«37 سیگنال»[10] مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. این زبان در واقع یک قالب و چارچوب برای توسعه نرم افزارهای تحت وب می‌باشد. درحال حاضر «رابی آن ریلس» یکی از قدرتمندترین و سریع‌ترین ابزارهای توسعه وب بوده که وب‌سایتهای بزرگی نظیر«توییتر»[11] با آن ایجاد شده است.(بادپی 1386)

 

این مقاله به طور اخص به معرفی زبان‌های برنامه‌نویسی وب می پردازد.که در ابتدا به معرفی زبان «سی.اس.اس» و توضیح مختصری در رابطه با آن و تاریخچه آن و سپس به معرفی زبان «ایكس.ام.ال» و «پی.اچ.پی» و بیان ویژگی‌های  این زبان‌های برنامه‌نویسی و کاربرد آن ها اشاره شده است.

 

 



[1] . دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد کتابداری و اطلاع‌رسانی دانشگاه امام رضا (ع). پست الکترونیک: mahmood.mahmudzadeh@gmail.com

[2] .Information Technology

[3].CSS

[4] .XML

[5] .PHP

[6] .HTML

[7] .tag

[8] .FORTRAN

[9] .Ruby on Rails(RoR)

[11] .twitter

برای دریافت کامل متن مقاله آدرس پست الکترونیکی خود را به مدیریت وبلاگ ارسال نمایید تا مقاله برایتان ارسال گردد.





نوع مطلب : تکنولوژی اطلاعات، 
برچسب ها :
لینک های مرتبط : اچ تی ام ال،

       نظرات
یکشنبه 18 دی 1390
محمود محمودزاده
چهارشنبه 6 شهریور 1398 07:07
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جمعه 1 شهریور 1398 01:59
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شنبه 12 مرداد 1398 07:36
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سه شنبه 1 مرداد 1398 02:34
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چهارشنبه 19 تیر 1398 06:49
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یکشنبه 9 تیر 1398 04:37
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I'm having black coffee, he's creating a cappuccino.
He is handsome. Brown hair slicked back, glasses that fit his face, hazel
eyes and the most amazing lips I've seen. He or she is well built, with incredible arms
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We're standing before of one another speaking about people,
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person. He starts telling me that bigger been rejected plenty of times.



‘Why Andrew? You're so handsome. I'd never reject you ', I say He smiles at me, biting his
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"So, make use of mind if I kissed you right this moment?' he stated as I am closer to him and kiss him.

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In the meantime, I start scrubbing my heel bone in the leg, massaging it slowly. ‘What can you want in women? And, Andrew, don't spare me the details.' I ask.

‘I adore determined women. Someone that knows the things they want. A person who won't say yes just because I said yes. Someone who's unafraid when you attempt new things,' he says. ‘I'm never afraid when you try something mroe challenging, especially when it comes to making a new challenge in bed ', I intimate ‘And Everyone loves women who are direct, who cut in the chase, like you simply did. Being
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شنبه 8 تیر 1398 23:35
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